• Jul 052024
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Dubai Work Visa Age Limit - Min. Age, Legal Provisions, Retirement & More

Dubai’s thriving economy and high standard of living attract many expatriates looking for career opportunities. If you're planning to work in Dubai, it's crucial to understand the age regulations for employment.

This guide will walk you through the essential information about the age limits and requirements for working in Dubai.

What is the Legal Age Limit to Work in Dubai?

The minimum legal age to work in Dubai is 18 years. However, juveniles aged 15 to 18 can work under specific conditions and with the appropriate permits.

Types of Work Visas in Dubai

Dubai offers several types of work visas, each tailored to different employment needs:

  1. Employment Visa: For employees sponsored by a company.
  2. Investor Visa: For individuals investing in a business in Dubai.
  3. Freelance Visa: For self-employed individuals.
  4. Dependent Visa: For family members of expatriates working in Dubai.

Understanding the specifics of each visa type can help you choose the right one for your situation.

Legal Provisions of Age Limit for Dubai Work Visa

According to Article 5 of the UAE Labour Law, juveniles aged between 15 and 18 years are not allowed to work. The Ministry of Human Resources and Emiratisation (MoHRE) does not issue work permits to Emiratis and expatriates aged below 18 years.

However, juveniles within this age range can work under strict conditions with a special permit, ensuring their safety and well-being.

Eligibility for Dubai Work Visa

To be eligible for a work visa in Dubai, applicants must meet the following criteria:

  • Age Requirement: Applicants must be at least 18 years old. For applicants over the age of 65, the employer must pay a higher visa cost.
  • Educational Qualifications:
    • Skilled workers must hold a Bachelor’s Degree.
    • Unskilled workers must have relevant Trade Qualifications.
  • Experience: Applicants should have 2-3 years of experience in their relevant field.
  • Job Offer: A job offer from an employer in Dubai is mandatory. The employer must have a valid business license and a clean legal record.
  • Medical Requirements: Applicants must meet specific medical requirements to ensure they are fit for employment.

Minimum Age Requirement for Employment in Dubai, UAE

In Dubai, the minimum age for employment is 18 years. This means individuals under 18 cannot legally work full-time. However, there are special conditions for juveniles aged 15 to 18, which we will discuss next.

Minimum Age Requirement for Employment in Dubai

Juvenile Employment Regulations

Juveniles aged 15 to 18 are allowed to work under specific conditions to ensure their safety and well-being. These conditions include:

  • No Night Work: Juveniles cannot work between 8 PM and 6 AM.
  • Restricted Jobs: They are not allowed to work in hazardous or industrial jobs.
  • Work Hours: They can work a maximum of six hours a day, with at least a one-hour break.
  • Valid License: The employer must have a valid trade license and a special permit for hiring juveniles.

Juvenile Work Permits

To hire juveniles, employers must obtain a Juvenile Work Permit from the Ministry of Human Resources and Emiratisation (MoHRE). The application requires:

  • A recent photograph of the juvenile.
  • Written consent from a guardian.
  • A medical fitness certificate.
  • Copies of the juvenile’s passport and residence permit.
  • A signed employment contract.

These permits ensure that juvenile workers are protected and employed in suitable conditions.

Student Training and Work Permits

Students aged 15 and above can also apply for training permits to gain work experience during academic holidays. This permit allows students to work for up to three months. The requirements for a student training permit include:

  • Proof of student status.
  • A valid UAE residence visa.
  • A copy of the Emirates ID.
  • A no-objection certificate from the educational institution.

These permits help students gain valuable work experience while ensuring their studies are not disrupted.

Retirement and Extended Work

The standard retirement age in Dubai is 60 years. However, individuals can continue working until the age of 65 if they obtain an annual work permit from MoHRE. Employers must pay higher fees for work permits for employees over 60.

Standard Retirement Age in Dubai

Quick Reference Table: Legal Age Limit to Work in Dubai

Category Details
Minimum Age for Full-Time Employment 18 years
Juvenile Employment Age Range 15 to 18 years
Juvenile Work Conditions - No night work (8 PM to 6 AM)
- No hazardous or industrial jobs
- Maximum 6 hours/day with 1-hour break
Juvenile Work Permit Requirements - Recent photograph
- Guardian's written consent
- Medical fitness certificate
- Copies of passport and residence permit
- Signed employment contract
Student Training Permit Age Range 15 years and above
Student Training Permit Conditions - Work up to 3 months during academic holidays
- Proof of student status
- Valid UAE residence visa
- Copy of Emirates ID
- No-objection certificate from educational institution
Standard Retirement Age 60 years
Extended Work Age Up to 65 years with annual work permit
How to Apply for Work Visa Through the General Directorate of Residency and Foreigners Affairs (GDRFA) or MoHRE website
Maximum Age for Work Visa 65 years
Minimum Age for Visit Visa 18 years
Freelance Visa Availability Yes, available if criteria are met

 

FAQs Related to Legal Age Limit to Work in Dubai

How to Apply for a Dubai Work Visa?

You can apply for a work visa through the General Directorate of Residency and Foreigners Affairs (GDRFA) website or MoHRE.

What is the Minimum Age to Work in Dubai?

The minimum age is 18 years. Juveniles aged 15 to 18 can work under specific conditions and with a permit.

Can I Get a Freelance Visa in Dubai?

Yes, you can apply for a freelance visa if you meet the criteria. Remote working visas are also available.

Where Can Freelancers Work in Dubai?

Freelancers can use numerous co-working spaces and work-friendly cafes in Dubai.

What is the Maximum Age to Work in Dubai?

The standard maximum age is 60, but individuals can work until 65 with an annual work permit.

What is the Age Limit for a Dubai Visit Visa?

The minimum age to apply for a Dubai visit visa is 18 years.

Can I Work in Dubai Part-Time if I am Under 18?

No, individuals under 18 cannot work part-time unless they have a Juvenile Work Permit and meet specific conditions set by MoHRE.

Is There a Different Age Limit for Government Jobs in Dubai?

No, the age limit for government jobs is the same as for private sector jobs. The minimum age is 18 years.

Must Read: How to Get a Job in Dubai?

Can Students Work During the School Term in Dubai?

Students aged 15 and above can work during academic holidays with a training permit but are not allowed to work during the school term.

What Are the Penalties for Employers Who Violate Juvenile Employment Regulations?

Employers who violate juvenile employment regulations can face fines, legal action, and revocation of their business licenses.

Are There Special Work Permits for Retirees Who Want to Work in Dubai?

Retirees can work in Dubai if they obtain an annual work permit from MoHRE, valid until the age of 65.

Do I Need a Separate Permit to Change Jobs in Dubai?

Yes, you need to obtain a No Objection Certificate (NOC) from your current employer and a new work permit from your new employer.

Must Read: Thinking of Relocating to Dubai for a Job? Here's What You Need to Know!

Conclusion

Understanding the age limits and regulations for working in Dubai is essential for a successful career. Whether you're a young professional or nearing retirement, following these guidelines will help ensure a smooth and legal work experience in this vibrant city.

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